For recent years, Phong Nha –Ke Bang National Park has closely cooperated with scientists and national and international organizations to conduct basic researches on biodiversity and geomorphology. Phong Nha - Ke Bang has been discovered a site as an ecological zone with high biodiversity.
Here is home to many reptile species as the largest number species in Vietnam. Six reptiles were described as new species to science as follows: Tricertoleipidophis sieversorum, Cyrtodactylus phongnhakebangensis sp.nov, Gekko scientiadventura sp.nov, Tropidophorus noggei sp. nov, Camalaria thanhi sp. nov, Trimeresurus truongsonensis sp. nov.
Two amphibian species of Rhacophorus orlovi and Rana megatymparum are endemic to Vietnam, of which Rhacophorus orlovi is described as a new species to science.
124 species recorded in here among of which 15 species are endemic to Vietnam, 9 species are described as new species such as: Aspidoparia viridis, Yaoshanicus albus, Acrossocheilus albus, Acrossocheilus carongensis, Acrossocheilus fissirostris, Acrossocheilus lineatus, Acrossocheilus longianalis, Acrossocheilus.
From the researches, 3 orchids, which almost disappeared in the nature, have been also re-found, they are Paphiopedilum concolor; Paphiopedilum malipoense; and Paphiopedilum dianthum and a new population of Calocedrus rupestris Aver…that seem to be largest and the most primitive in South –East Asia has been found.
Many important achievements in the scientific research area have been shown. However, due to the limitation of capacity of Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park and lacking of the local and national investment so scientific activities seem to be passive and depended too much on the external fund and technical supports.